Hesychia ("quietude," or "tranquility" in Greek), a time-honored goal of solitary monks, became the basis of a 14th-century movement that was introduced to Mount Athos by Gregory of Sinai (qq.v.). Hesychast monks sought to achieve mystical communion with God by repeating over and over again the prayer "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me." Breathing was regulated and various physical postures were assumed to aid this process. When Barlaam of Calabria (q.v.) ridiculed the Hesychasts, a controversy ensued in 1336 that pitted him against Gregory Palamas (q.v.), the great defender of Hesychasm. Barlaam was condemned in 1341, but the controversy resurfaced in the social civil warof 1341-1347.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Hesychasm — (Greek Polytonic|ἡσυχασμός hesychasmos , from Polytonic|ἡσυχία hesychia , stillness, rest, quiet, silence ) [Parry (1999), p. 230] is an eremitic tradition of prayer in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and some other Eastern Churches of the Byzantine …   Wikipedia

  • Hesychasm — • Hesychasts (hesychastes quietist) were people, nearly all monks, who defended the theory that it is possible by an elaborate system of asceticism, detachment from earthly cares, submission to an approved master, prayer, especially perfect… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hesychasm — ▪ Eastern Orthodoxy       in Eastern Christianity, type of monastic life (monasticism) in which practitioners seek divine quietness (Greek hēsychia) through the contemplation of God in uninterrupted prayer. Such prayer, involving the entire human …   Universalium

  • Hesychasm —    The tradition of mystical, inner prayer as practised in the Eastern Church …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Hesychasm — ♦ A mystical movement whose members, called Hesychasts, through special practices achieved a vision of the Divine Light. Though the ideas and practices were much older, the term is often used specifically for the movement that achieved prominence …   Medieval glossary

  • hesychasm — hes·y·chasm …   English syllables

  • Hesychasm —  Исихазм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • hesychasm — ˈhesə̇ˌkazəm, ˈhezə̇ noun ( s) Usage: often capitalized Etymology: from hesychast, after such pairs as English enthusiast: enthusiasm : hesychastic belief or practice * * * Hesˈychasm noun Their doctrines and practice • • • …   Useful english dictionary

  • Christian meditation — A woman praying on Candlemas Day, by Marianne Stokes, 1901. Christian meditation is a form of prayer in which a structured attempt is made to get in touch with and deliberately reflect upon the revelations of God.[1] The word meditation comes… …   Wikipedia

  • Divinization (Christian) — In Christian theology, divinization, deification, making divine or theosis is the transforming effect of divine grace.[1] This concept of salvation is historical and fundamental for Christian understanding that is prominent in the Eastern… …   Wikipedia

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